Mangalsutras of Different Cultures

Marriage is the most attractive union, and its rich culture and customs contribute to its beauty. Indian weddings are famed for their lavishness all over the world. Every tribe performs wedding rites in a unique way. Hindu marriage represents the joining of two people and the bonding of understanding and devotion. Mangalsutra set, toe rings, kumkum, bangles, and a nose ring are the five indications of a woman’s marital status in Hindu culture.

Our focus will be on mangalsutra designs and their symbolic significance in many civilizations. Let’s have a look at the significance of this ornament.

What is a mangalsutra?

It’s a combination of gold pendants and black beads that’s said to protect the pair from negative energy and spread happiness.’ The words “Mangal” and “Sutra” both mean “holy” and “thread.” The groom hooks the mangalsutra around the bride’s neck during the wedding ritual. They are available as a mangalsutra set as well. Below are the different mangalsutras worn by women from various cultures.

Tamil mangalsutra

The Tamil mangalsutra or thaali symbolizes the union of two people into one soul. Thaali comes in a variety of shapes and sizes. These are mythologically derived or based on family traditions. The family deity, Tulsi plant, Lord Shiva, and Goddess Meenakshi are symbols imprinted on the Thaali. It’s made of gold and weighs roughly 4-5 grams. A family might opt to add gold, coins, diamonds, and stones to the main Thaali to make it more elaborate.

Sindhi mangalsutra

Mangalsutra is an essential aspect of Sindhi wedding culture. The pendant hangs from a black and gold beaded chain. The mangalsutra’s design is determined by the preferences of the bride and groom. Nowadays, brides are selecting a more modern design with the hopes of wearing it on a regular basis.

Maharashtrian mangalsutra

The Maharashtrian mangalsutra set is made up of two bowl-shaped vatis and a black beaded chain. The gold vatis represent Shiva and Shakti. The husband & wife are represented by the two strands of beads fused together. The black beads are used to ward off the evil eye and ensure a joyful marriage. There are two sorts of black beads: “Nirgun” and “Shagun.” When the entire chain is made of black beads, it is called a Nirgun. When every nine back beads are separated by two gold beads, the result is a Shagun.

Kashmiri Mangalsutra

The mangalsutra worn by Kashmiri brides is quite unique. They’re actually gold earrings braided with plain red thread. During the wedding ceremony, the parents present the earrings to their Kashmiri bride. When she goes to her husband’s residence after the wedding, she replaces the red thread with a gold chain. “Aath” is the name of the chain that her in-laws gave her. Some people also include “Aathoru,” a little golden ornament.

Bihari mangalsutra set

Married ladies in Bihari tradition wear a mangalsutra known as Taagpaag. Women also wear “bichwa” toe rings as a symbol of marriage. Toe rings are an essential part of Indian culture. They are thought to be necessary for a woman’s reproductive system. Taagpaag is simply another word for mangalsutra. It’s a black beaded chain with their choice of pendant.

Karnataka mangalsutra

Coorgi women wear “Karthamani Pathak” as a symbol of marriage in the Karnataka area of Coorg. The “Pathak” a gold pendant with a huge gold coin engraved with Lakshmi or Queen Victoria and little round rubies scattered around its circle. A cobra, which represents fertility, sits on top of this currency pendant. The Pathak is adorned with a necklace called “Karthamani.” Karthamani is a piece of jewellery composed of coral and gold beads strung together on a thread. A gold chain could be substituted for the thread.

On the day before her wedding, a Kodava bride wears the Karthamani Pathak. Unlike in other cultures, the groom does not tie the mangalsutra in Kodava culture. The bride’s mother, on the other hand, ties it.

Telugu mangalsutra

Two circular discs or coins make up this Telugu mangalsutra. Both the groom’s and bride’s families present a disc tied with a yellow thread. The two discs are joined sixteen days after the wedding. The groom or a family elder might perform this rite. The two discs are connected by a gold wire laced with black and coral beads.

Modern mangalsutras

Many women no longer work full-time and stay at home to care for their families. Women have professional occupations and are expected to stay up with their surroundings on a global scale. In the life of a married lady, the mangalsutra holds a great deal of significance. However, the design may not be suitable for modern attire. As a result, women no longer wear it on a daily basis. Instead, they prefer stylish and fancier bridal necklace set of diamond or platinum that will go along with their everyday wear. Traditional mangalsutras that are thick and heavy are no longer sought after.


Apart from the above-mentioned state-wise mangalsutras, married women choose to wear mangalsutra bracelets and rings according to their convenience. Nowadays, there are dedicated online jewellery stores that sell modern bridal necklace sets, where you can get quality products at the best price. Women now have an endless sea of options to choose from!


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