Java is one of the most widely used programming languages in the world. It is still in use for a variety of purposes. For starters, Java frameworks are the primary programming language for Android, the world’s most popular mobile operating system.
Java’s scalability and stability are another reason for its sustained popularity. And because java frameworks used in so many industries (including banking, finance, retail, Big Data, IT, scientific research, and the stock market), it isn’t going away anytime soon. java frameworks are usually compiled to bytecode, which may then be run on any Java virtual machine (JVM), regardless of the underlying computer architecture.
Because of the platform it provides, Java has been able to keep its position in the top three most used languages for a long time. More than a programming language is included in the java frameworks. It also includes a huge number of code libraries and frameworks, which are ready-to-use code components that developers frequently utilise.
So, whether it’s in the field of algorithms and data structures or in the sphere of development, java frameworks can be quite useful to all aspiring coders in today’s world. Whether you’re preparing for a coding interview or working on a project, java frameworks one of the languages you can use.
What Are Java Frameworks and How Do They Work?
A framework is a collection of pre-written code that acts as a template or skeleton that a developer can use and reuse to create an application by putting in their code as needed to get the app to perform as intended. Framework reuse allows developers to programme their frameworks without having to write every line of code from the start.
A Java framework is a platform for producing software applications and Java programmes that is exclusive to the Java programming language. Predefined classes and functions in Java frameworks can be used to process, input, and manage hardware devices as well as communicate with system applications. It depends on the framework, the programmer’s skill level, the task at hand, and their own preferences.
What are the benefits of java frameworks?
Frameworks provide your programmes with structure. For instance, if we have a good testing framework, we can automate a lot of things and get consistent and reliable results. Similarly, frameworks for ORM, web applications, logging, data management, and other tasks will simplify a developer’s life and let them focus on business logic rather than worrying about common pieces of code used across a domain or application.
Top 10 Best Java frameworks
We’ve included Java frontend frameworks for building the view layer, ORM and persistence frameworks for interacting with your database, Java backend frameworks for building microservices and REST APIs, and Java frameworks built on top of existing Java frameworks, among other things.
Because this article concentrates on web development, it’s important to note that this isn’t an entire list, and other types of Java frameworks, such as logging frameworks, exist.
GWT: Google Web Toolkit
Blade is a lightweight and high-performance Java framework that allows you to build fast web applications in an efficient way. The creators aim for users to understand the whole framework in a single day. To achieve this, Blade focuses on simplicity and elegance.
The Blade framework follows the MVC (Model-View-Controller) software design pattern. It has an easy-to-understand design, not depending on any third-party libraries or introducing too many layers. Blade is based on Java 8, and the Netty web server and template engine are built into the framework. It has a minimal footprint; the source code is less than 500kb in total.
Dropwizard is a high-performance yet simple Java framework for quick RESTful web service development. It’s particularly well suited to the development of Java microservices. The Dropwizard framework combines numerous well-known Java modules to give you a distraction-free development environment. It includes a Jetty server, Google Guava, Logback, Hibernate Validator, Joda Time, and a slew of other useful Java libraries. Dropwizard includes Jersey, which can be used to create RESTful web services, and Jackson, which can be used to parse JSON. Dropwizard can be thought of as a separate ecosystem that includes all of the aforementioned dependencies in one package.
The Groovy programming language is used by Grails, a web application framework. Groovy is a Java-based object-oriented language designed to boost developer efficiency. It has a Java-like syntax and is compiled to JVM (Java Virtual Machine) bytecode. Grails works well with other java frameworks technologies like the Java Development Kit, Java EE containers, Hibernate, and Spring, despite the fact that you have to write your code in Groovy. Grails is built on top of Spring Boot to take advantage of the latter’s productivity-enhancing features, such as dependency injection. The best part of Grails is that, thanks to the Groovy language’s capabilities, you can achieve the same tasks with considerably less code.
Hibernate is an object-relational mapping framework that allows the Java programming language and relational database management systems to communicate more effectively (RDBMSs). You’ll run into a problem known as “Object-Relational Impedance Mismatch” while working with object-oriented (OO) languages like Java (sometimes also called “Paradigm Mismatch”). Data is handled differently in OO languages and RDBMSs, resulting in mismatch issues. Relational databases represent data in a tabular fashion, while OO languages organise data as a hierarchy of objects. One of these mismatch problems occurs when the object model has more classes than the relational database’s accessible tables.
Jakarta EE and Jakarta Server Faces applications (see above) are popular web frameworks for building lightweight user interfaces. Many Fortune 500 corporations, government agencies, and academic institutions use it. PrimeFaces is a very small library. It comes in a single JAR file, requires no setup, and has no dependencies. With a rich set of components, a built-in skinning framework, and pre-designed themes and layouts, it enables you to construct a user interface for your Java programme. Jakarta Server Faces derives capabilities like quick application development from Jakarta Server Faces because it is developed on top of it. Any Java project can also benefit from the framework.
Jakarta Server Faces (JSF)
Oracle created Jakarta Server Faces (JSF), which was previously known as JavaServer Faces, as a specification for creating user interfaces for Java-based online applications. The Java Community Process (JCP) project has made it an official standard. Jakarta Server Faces is a reliable framework that was first introduced in 2004. It uses a component-based architecture and follows the MVC software design paradigm. You may use Jakarta Server Faces to create reusable component-based user interfaces, manage their state, connect them to data sources, and tie user-generated events to server-side event handlers.
JHipster is a web application generator that combines Spring Boot and major front-end frameworks (Vue, Angular, React, and others). Adobe, Siemens, Bosch, HBO, and Google are some of the companies that use it. With JHipster, you can construct modern Java-based web applications and microservices fast. Spring Boot enables you to build production-ready Spring-based apps with minimal configuration (see below for more information on the Spring Framework). On the client side, JHipster integrates this with Angular, React, Vue, and Bootstrap to provide you with a full-stack solution. Check out the sample apps for Angular, React, and Vue produced by the JHipster team to see how a JHipster app appears in real life.
MyBatis is a java frameworks that makes working with relational (SQL) databases easier and more efficient. The framework serves as a bridge between the application and the database, resolving challenges caused by their disparate architecture. MyBatis can be thought of as a layer of abstraction between your application’s Java code and the SQL database below it. To access data sources such as relational databases or spreadsheets from your Java code, you must first utilise the JDBC (Java Database Connectivity) API. This procedure is simplified with MyBatis, which allows you to communicate with relational databases with far less code. A single line of code, for example, can run SQL statements.
The Play framework enables the creation of web-friendly and lightweight Java and Scala desktop and mobile apps. LinkedIn, Samsung, Walmart, The Guardian, Verizon, and a slew of other organisations use Play as a framework. Play is sometimes compared to other programming languages’ sophisticated web frameworks, such as Ruby on Rails or Python’s Django. It does not rely on the Jakarta EE standards like most Java frameworks do. It aims to do away with the drawbacks of typical Java web development, such as long development cycles and excessive configuration. As a result, it’s more akin to programming languages’ web frameworks (PHP, Python, Ruby, etc.).
Many other java frameworks, such as log4j for logging, Junit, and Selenium for testing, are not full-stack or web development frameworks but are important in all applications. These are important to know, and you may pick them up on the fly along with the other frameworks listed above. The best framework for your app should match your business needs, have a particular level of flexibility and performance, and be simple to maintain and alter.